STRATEGY

 

            IT strategy is defined as “the overall plan which consists of objectives, principles and tactics relating to the use of the technologies within a particular organization” (Technology Strategy, 2013).  “Such strategies primarily focus on the technologies themselves and in some cases the people who directly manage those strategies” (IT Strategy, 2013).

            Next, IT strategy is used to design a mission statement with a professional approach for an organization. Governance is how people should act professionally and admirably in the IT working world.  A concept of IT strategy is to acquire and implement. The computer repair methodology is to acquire, simplify, implement and document ASID as part of IT strategy (dictionary.com). IT strategic alignment is a method that can be a constructed as a model that represents a strategy landscape focused on organizational, technology, external, and internal views of an organization (Vu, Micliuc).

            Now, according to the Association of Computing Machinery, the best practice is implementing component reuse strategy in complex products environments.  There are several phases to complete for a best practice in IT strategy.  The first phase is an informal approach to learning and expertise development.  When knowledge is shared during phase one, there is a further understanding of organizational procedures and rules.  The second phase is when tensions emerge from the implementation of component reuse.  Engineers, managers, and project managers are frustrated when they are expected to reuse technologies rather than develop new solutions.  Managers that were supporting the reuse strategy improved the process of solving problems with designs (Oshri).

            Every company needs to have a strategic alignment to align the investments, intent, and goals of the company.  Now, according to COBIT “When formulating the IT strategy, management must consider business objectives; the competitive environment; and current and future technologies, including the costs, risks and benefits they can bring to the business. Management must also consider the capability of the IT organization to deliver current and future levels of service to the business, and the extent of change and investment this might imply for the whole enterprise (IT Governance Institute, 2007). 

            Then, the management of IT security needs to ensure that the company’s strategy is in line with supporting business needs and stay aligned with the overall business plan.  The COBIT framework for strategy includes planning and organizing by asking questions such as, “Are IT risks understood and being managed?”  Then, acquire and implement new projects and systems to follow the company strategy.  Deliver and support the strategy by ensuring costs are optimized.  Finally, monitor and evaluate the strategy to stay linked with business goals.

            In conclusion, IT strategy is the overall plan which consists of “objective(s), principles and tactics relating to use of the technologies within a particular organization. Such strategies primarily focus on the technologies themselves and in some cases the people who directly manage those technologies. The strategy can be implied from the organization's behaviors towards technology decisions, and may be written down in a document” (Technology Strategy, 2013).  A company should look towards COBIT for policy guidelines.  The policy should include guidelines from a set definition that creates effective and valuable services for an organization.  The strategy may include planning and organizing the information architecture; determine technological direction; define the IT processes, organization and relationships; manage the IT investment; communicate management aims and directions; manage IT human resources, risks, and projects; acquire and implement automated solutions; acquire and maintain application software and technology infrastructure; enable operation and use; procure IT resources; manage changes and accredit solutions (Sánchez, José, Vicente, & Ocaña, 2013).